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Some Factors Affecting the Somatic Cell Count in the Milk of Anatolian Water Buffalos (Bubalus bubalis) raised in Igdir Province

Some Factors Affecting the Somatic Cell Count in the Milk of Anatolian Water Buffalos (Bubalus bubalis) raised in Igdir Province

Veli Sel1, Isa Yilmaz2,* and Mete Yanar3

1Animal Science, Institute of Science, Igdir University, Igdir, Turkey
2Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Igdir University, Igdir, Turkey
3Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey

*      Corresponding author: isa.yilmaz@igdir.edu.tr

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of some environmental factors affecting the somatic cells count (SCC) in the farms of Anatolian water buffalos in Igdir. For this purpose, a total of 637 milk samples gathered from 91 animals raised in 54 farms were analyzed and statistically evaluated. The age and education level of the farmers and the effect of the milker on the SCC were found to be significant (P <0.001). SCC value (65.930 ± 2.484 cells/ml) was found to be the lowest when the milker is the person from the household. The udder cleaning before milking was a significant factor (P <0.001), SCC was 66.330±2.570 cells/ml for the producers that applied hygiene and was 125.860±9.500 cells/ml for the ones that did not. Season was determined to be significant factor (P <0.001) and SCC values were 52.290 ± 5.653 cells/ml, 69.990 ± 3.557 cells/ml and 104.810 ± 6.258 cells/ml for winter, spring, and summer seasons, respectively. In addition, correlations (Pearson correlation) between SCC and change in some environmental factors were weak but significant (P <0.01). The arithmetic and geometric means and standard errors of SCC were 82.4±3.3x103 cells/ml and 60.1±3.4x103 cells/ml, respectively. These results indicate that 100% the SCC of buffalos’ milk sample are in accordance with the limits indicated in the related regulations of the Turkish Food Codex and of the European Union Commission. It was determined that SCC in raw milk obtained from Anatolian Water Buffalos grown in Igdir province was suitable for both Turkey and EU norms.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 52, Iss. 4, Pages 1225-1630

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