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Seroprevalence of Avian Influenza (H5) in Broilers from Five Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Seroprevalence of Avian Influenza (H5) in Broilers from Five Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Ali Zaman1,*, Abdul Haleem1, Sajjad Ur Rahman2, Adnan Amin3 Asma Saeed1, Sana Ullah4 and Naimat Ullah4

1Department of Biological Sciences, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan
2Institute of Microbiology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
3Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan
4Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan

*      Corresponding author: alizaman@gu.edu.pk

 

ABSTRACT

Avian influenza (H5) is highly contagious infection of birds as well as humans which is zoonotic of significant economic and public health concern. From total 650 broilers sera were taken, around the five geographically distinct districts and analyzed through hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test for detection of H5 antibodies. Highest sero-prevalence of Avian Influenza (H5) was recorded in district Abbottabad 36.15% (47/130) followed by Dera Ismail Khan 33.08% (43/130), Tank 26.92% (35/130), Peshawar 21.54% (28/130) and Mansehra 16.92% (22/130). Statistical analysis confirmed a significant (P<0.05) difference of sero-prevalence between the districts. There was a significant (P<0.05) association of occurrence of the infection with the type of season, health status, vaccination, housing system, biosecurity and housing zones and non- significant (P>0.05) association with rearing system. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first sero-prevalence report of avian influenza (H5) in broilers in these districts of the province. Necessary measures are required to overcome the situation and improve vaccination and hygiene.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 50, Iss. 4, Pages 1199-1600

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