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Seasonal Biodiversity of Braconidae (Hymenoptera) in Citrus Orchards of Sargodha, Pakistan

Seasonal Biodiversity of Braconidae (Hymenoptera) in Citrus Orchards of Sargodha, Pakistan

Huma Khalil1*, Muhammad Afzal1, Muhammad Anjum Aqueel1, Abu Bakar Muhammad Raza1, Muhammad Sajjad Khalil1, Farghama Khalil2 and Hafiz Khurram Shurjeel1 

1University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan; 2College of Crop Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, 350002, China. 


The present study was conducted to investigate the seasonal biodiversity of braconid parasitoids in citrus orchards of Sargodha, Pakistan. Surveys were done during January 2014 to December 2015 from various citrus growing localities. A total of 3,176 parasitoids belonging to five subfamilies (Alysiinae, Aphidiinae, Braconinae, Microgastrinae and Opiinae), 12 genera and 16 species were collected. Out of them, two genera and 12 species were recorded for the first time from this area. Aphidiinae contains 1,107 individuals which showed that it’s a dominant braconid subfamily while Opiinae (209) was the least dominant. The richness of braconid parasitoids in different localities of Sargodha was also investigated. Braconid parasitoid populations were higher in the months of February to April and October to December, while less abundant in the remaining months of the year. 


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Sarhad Journal of Agriculture


Vol. 35, Iss. 2, Pages 320-662


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