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Retrospective Study on the Association of Risk Factors of Johne’s Disease along with Physiological Biomarker in Large Ruminants of Punjab, Pakistan

Retrospective Study on the Association of Risk Factors of Johne’s Disease along with Physiological Biomarker in Large Ruminants of Punjab, Pakistan

Muhammad Anwarullah1, Aneela Zameer Durrani1, Muhammad Ijaz1Aftab Ahmad Anjum2, Muhammad Usman1*,Muhammad Zahid Iqbal1Muhammad Husnain1,Ahsan Anjum3, Qurratulain Ashraf4 and Ghulam Mustafa3

1Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore
2Department of Microbiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore
3Department of Pathology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore
4Livestock and Dairy Development Department, Punjab

*      Corresponding author: drhmusman@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

The present study elucidated sero-prevalence of Mycobacterium avium sub sp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in cattle and buffalo. Diarrhea is a major risk factor for MAP, so 1100 blood samples were collected from diarrheic animals or having history of some diarrheic episodes from four districts of Punjab i.e. Kasur (n=300), Rawalpindi (n=230), Lahore (n=230) and Bahawalpur (n=340). These samples were tested using ELISA and overall seroprevalence found was 39.64%. The major host-associated and non-associated risk factors of MAP were also considered. It was found that positive percentage of MAP was 2.20 times more in buffaloes than in cattle; 21.19 times more in females than in males; 1.04 times more in adult animals having age >6 years; and 1.20 times more in dry animals compared to milking animals. Furthermore, body condition score (BCS), type of housing, and condition of drinking water were also found to have significant (p<0.05) effect on the occurrence of MAP in cattle and buffalo. Moreover, hematological profile of MAP-positive animals showed significantly (p<0.05) lower values of RBCs, Hb, and PCV; whereas, levels of MCHC showed non-significant (p>0.05) rise in MAP-positive animals as compared to control animals. Thus, findings of the current study depict alarming situation of Johne’s disease in Punjab, and help in understanding its associated risk factors and its effects on the health of cattle and buffalos.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

February

Vol. 54, Iss. 1, Pages 1-501

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