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RNA Interference Mediated Knockdown of ATP Binding Cassette Subfamily A Member 1 Decreases the Triglyceride Content of Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cells

RNA Interference Mediated Knockdown of ATP Binding Cassette Subfamily A Member 1 Decreases the Triglyceride Content of Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cells

Ping Jiang1 , Zhihui Zhao1, 2, Xiaohui Li2, Mengyan Wang2, Lixin Xia2, Yang Cao3, Runjun Yang2 and Xibi Fang2*

1Agricultural College, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang, 524088, People’s Republic of China. 
2College of Animal Science, Jilin University, Changchun 130062, People’s Republic of China. 
3Branch of Animal Husbandry, Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changchun 130033, P.R. China.

Ping Jiang and Zhihui Zhao contributed equally to this work

*      Corresponding author: fangxibi@jlu.edu.cn

 

ABSTRACT

ATP binding cassette subfamily A member 1 (ABCA1) is a membrane protein. As a member of the superfamily of ABC transporters, ABCA1 can transport lipids and cholesterol across cell membranes. To further verify the relationship between the ABCA1 gene and milk fat metabolism of Chinese Holstein dairy cows, we exploited transient transfection mediated-RNA interference technology to specifically knockdown expression levels of the endogenous gene ABCA1 in bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs) to analyse the effect on intracellular triglyceride (TG) content by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), Western blot, cell TG Assay and RT2 Profiler PCR array. The results showed that ABCA1 knockdown reduced the TG content in BMECs. On the other hand, the RT2 Profiler PCR array demonstrated that the expression levels of 12 genes, including fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4), acyl-CoA dehydrogenase short/branched chain (ACADSB), ELOVL fatty acid elongase 3 (ELOVL3) and solute carrier family 27 member 1 (SLC27A1), were altered upon ABCA1 down-regulation using RNA interference (RNAi). Overall, ABCA1 expression influenced triglyceride metabolism in BMECs by regulating the expression of related genes in the lipid metabolism pathway. 
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 51, Iss. 6, Pages 1999-2399

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