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Prevalence and Serological Detection of Spiroplasma citri, a Cause of Citrus Stubborn Disease in Southern Punjab, Pakistan

Ummad ud Din Umar1, Syed Atif Hasan Naqvi1*, Ishfaq Ahmed1, Ateeq ur Rehman1, Muhammad Asif Zulfiqar2, Sibghat Ullah3, Shah Pasand4, Zehri Khan3 and Abdur Rehman5

1Department of Plant Pathology, BZU, Multan, 60800, Pakistan; 2PARC, Research and Training Station, BZU, Multan. 3PARC, Horticulture Research Institute, Khuzdar, 4PARC, Social Sciences Research Institute, Quetta, 5Plant Protection Department, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

*Correspondence | Syed Atif Hasan Naqvi, Department of Plant Pathology, BZU, Multan, 60800, Pakistan; Email:

Figure 1:

Disease incidence % in different districts of Punjab.

Figure 2:

Cultivar susceptibility of CSD.

Figure 3:

Serological detection of Spiroplasma citri (Lane 1: Positive sample in well one, negative sample in well 2, Lane B: healthy sample 2 wells).

Pakistan Journal of Zoology


Vol. 52, Iss. 6, Pages 2027-2426


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