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Prevalence and Socio-Economic Incidence of Bovine Tuberculosis in a Slaughter Area in the Northern Sudan Region of Burkina Faso

Prevalence and Socio-Economic Incidence of Bovine Tuberculosis in a Slaughter Area in the Northern Sudan Region of Burkina Faso

Ouedraogo Oumar1,2, Tianhoun Denté Fidèle2,4*, Séré Modou3, Kaboré Adama2, Tamboura H. Hamidou2 and Belem Adrien Marie Gaston4

1Ministère de l’Agriculture, des Ressources Animales et Halieutiques, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso; 2Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA) / CNRST, Ouagadougou/ Burkina Faso; 3Université de Dédougou / Burkina Faso; 4Institut du Développement Rural (IDR)/ Université Nazi Boni, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. 

 
*Correspondence | Tianhoun Denté Fidèle, Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA) / CNRST, Ouagadougou/ Burkina Faso; Email: dentetianhoun@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

The present study was conducted in the slaughter area of the urban commune of Koudougou to determine the prevalence and socio-economic incidence of bovine tuberculosis. For this purpose, daily monitoring of cattle from various farms and slaughtered at the slaughter area was carried out from February to June 2019 during ante and post-mortem inspections. The results of the analysis of the data collected during these inspections revealed that 1,716 cattle of local breeds, consisting of 875 females and 841 males, were slaughtered and checked by the veterinary inspection officers. At post-mortem inspection, 30 cattle were found to have tuberculosis, giving an overall prevalence of 1.75%. This prevalence showed no significant difference (P˃0.05) between breeds, sex, age and body score of the animals while it was significantly influenced (P= 0.0283) by the breeding origins of the inspected cattle. The seizures made were mainly partial seizures of lung organs (70.28%) followed by liver (17.57%), kidneys (8.10%) and heads (4.05%). Following the inspection of all the animals during the study period, the urban commune of Koudougou received a total of 1,029,600 CFA francs in slaughter fees. In addition to the considerable losses in animal protein, the financial losses linked to the seizure of organs affected by tuberculosis were evaluated at 206,949.968 CFA francs for butchers without any compensation during the same period. The study shows that tuberculosis exists in the cattle population of the urban commune of Koudougou, and that these animals must therefore be properly inspected to protect human health.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 54, Iss. 4, Pages 1501-2001

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