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Prevalence, Risk Factors and Host Biomarkers of Ovine Theileriosis

Prevalence, Risk Factors and Host Biomarkers of Ovine Theileriosis

Naimat Ullah1,3,*, Aneela Zameer Durrani1, Muhammad Avais1, Nisar Ahmad2, Sana Ullah3, Muhammad Shuaib Khan3, Khalid Mehmood5, Mumtaz Ali Khan1 and Ikramul Haq1

1Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000
2Department of Parasitology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore
3Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Gomal University, D.I. Khan 29050
5University College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100

*      Corresponding author: dr.nm1153@hotmail.com

 

ABSTRACT

Theileriosis is a common blood protozoan disease of sheep in tropical and subtropical areas. The current study was designed to inspect the prevalence and its correlation with various risk factors and host biomarkers concerned with the occurrence of theileriosis in sheep. Total 600 blood samples were taken each 200 from districts Bannu, Tank and Dera Ismail Khan of southern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan and screened through blood microscopy. The current study revealed an overall prevalence of ovine theileriosis as 27.5%, 13% and 19.5% in districts of Dera Ismail Khan, Tank and Bannu, respectively. Sex, tick infestation, animal keeping conditions, herd size, season and feeding pattern were observed as significant factors associated with the disease occurrence. On the other hand, the effect of age and breed on the occurrence of disease was observed as non-significant. Biochemical examination revealed a significant increase in Aspartate aminotransferase, Alanine aminotransferase, serum creatinine, urea whereas decrease in glucose level in diseased animals. The current study concluded that paying close attention to animal feeding, housing and keeping may reduce the occurrence of theileriosis in sheep.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

June

Vol. 50, Iss. 3, Pages 799-1198

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