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Prevalence of Brucellosis in Human Population of District Swat, Pakistan

Prevalence of Brucellosis in Human Population of District Swat, Pakistan

Hussain Ahmad1, Inamullah1, Ijaz Ali2, Tauseef Ahmad3, Muhammad Tufail4, Kabir Ahmad5 and Bibi Nazia Murtaza3,6*


1Department of Genetics, Hazara University, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan 

2Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Agricultural University, Peshawar, Pakistan

3Department of Microbiology, Hazara University, Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

4Department of Health, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

5Department of Zoology, Hazara University, Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

6Department of Zoology, Kinnaird College for Women, Lahore, Pakistan


*         Corresponding author: nazia.murtaza@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT

Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease affecting several animal species and human beings. It is caused by Brucella abortus in animals and Brucella melitensis in human. The current study aimed to find out the prevalence of Brucella and active brucellosis in the human population of district Swat. Total 300 individuals (both female and male of all ages, meeting our inclusion/exclusion criteria) with informed consent were included in the study. Blood samples were collected and brucellosis was detected by Standard Plate Agglutination Test (SPAT) and Serum Tube Agglutination Test (STAT) and later on confirmed by PCR. Disease was detected in 3.66% (11/300) individuals by SPAT and 2% (6/300) by STAT and confirmed in 2.66 % (8/300) by PCR. The prevalence of disease in females was found to be higher as compared to males (in current studied group). The age group 31-40 years, was found to be more susceptible for this infection.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 51, Iss. 6, Pages 1999-2399

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