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Planning, Implementation of Peste des Petits Ruminants Control Programme and Strategies Adopted for Disease Control in India

Planning, Implementation of Peste des Petits Ruminants Control Programme and Strategies Adopted for Disease Control in India

Vinayagamurthy Balamurugan*, Gurrappa Naidu Govindaraj and Habibur Rahman

Indian Council of Agricultural Research-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics (ICAR-NIVEDI), Ramagondanahalli, Post Box No. 6450, Yelahanka, Bengaluru - 560064, Karnataka, India.

Email: balavirol@gmail.com; b.vinayagamurthy@icar.gov.in

ABSTRACT

Abstract | Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute, highly contagious, notifiable and economically important transboundary viral disease of sheep and goats. PPR is enzootic in India as more number of outbreaks have occurred in the past and now occurring regularly, round the year and most frequently during the lean period throughout the country. In some Indian states viz. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Chhattisgar h the PPR outbreaks in sheep and goats have declined after implementing the strategic mass vaccination programme. The decreased number of outbreaks in recent years as well as changes in the disease severity patterns and distribution might be due to the effectiveness of vaccine, timely vaccination, circulation of a single lineage virus and most importantly effective planning and implementation of the vaccination programme. Sharing the experiences on the PPR control strategies adopted by some of the states in India may motivate other Indian states or other countries of similar socio-economic and small ruminant rearing pattern to vaccinate and control PPR.

 

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Hosts and Viruses

June

Vol.6, Iss.3, Pages 42-84

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