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Physicomorphic Response of Polyphagous Helicoverpa armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Towards Different Host Plants

Physicomorphic Response of Polyphagous Helicoverpa armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Towards Different Host Plants

Sajjad Ali1,*, M. Irfan Ullah2, Asif Sajjad1, Muhammad Zeeshan Majeed2, M. Aslam Farooqi1, M. Shahid Rizwan3, Qaiser Shakeel4, Sohail Akhter1,Muhammad Raheel4 and Muhammad Arshad2

1Department of Entomology, UCA&ES, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, 63100, Bahawalpur
2Department of Entomology, University of Sargodha, 40100, Sargodha
3Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, 63100, Bahawalpur
4Department of Plant Pathology, UCA&ES, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, 63100, Bahawalpur

*      Corresponding author: sajjad.ali@iub.edu.pk

ABSTRACT

How fitness of herbivore insects alters with different host plants in terms of their physicomorphic attributes has been the subject of great interest with point of their integrated pest management. Helicoverpa armigera (Noctuidae; Lepidoptera) -being highly polyphagous- is the pest of many crops and exhibits high fecundity and migrating efficiency. The present study aimed to evaluate its physicomorphic responses towards different host plants. The highest larval and pupal weights were observed when fed on gram, Cicer arietinum (L.). The maximum (97.23%) larval survivorship was recorded on gramwhile, the lowest (56.25%) on okra, Abelmoschus esculentus (L.). The consumption index (CI) was also observed to be the highest (1.49 %) in gram and the lowest (0.95 %) in tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum (L.) The sizes of fore and hind wings, head, femur and tibia were the maximum in the individuals fed on gram. Furthermore, physiological parameters of the adults were also significantly better when larvae were fed on gram. The relative growth rate (RGR) and relative consumption rate (RCR) values were the maximum (2.09 mg/mg/day and 10.14 mg/mg/day, respectively) in individuals fed on gram. Therefore, the efficiency of conversion of ingested food (ECI) was the highest (70.65%) in gram feeding as compared to other host plants. The areas of fore and hind wings (0.98 cm2 and 0.79 cm2) and hind tibia length (0.82 cm) were also greater in the adults fed on gram. Among natural host plants, gram was proved to be the highly nutritious food plant facilitating both the development and the survival effectiveness of this pest. Therefore, it is recommended to carefully include gram in a cropping scheme especially where H. armigera is a regular pest whilst future studies should focus on demographic and nutritional parameters of this pest as affected by different host plants.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

October

Vol. 52, Iss. 5, Pages 1631-2026

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