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Phenotypic Diversity in Yield Determining Traits of Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Genotypes under the growing Conditions of Dera Ismail Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Phenotypic Diversity in Yield Determining Traits of Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Genotypes under the growing Conditions of Dera Ismail Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Tehseen Ali Jilani1*, Muhammad Saleem Jilani2, Javeria Sherani3, Kashif Waseem2, Muhammad Sohail Khan2, Hasnain Saleem3, Abdul Manan2, Rashid Jawad2 and Sami Ullah4

1Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan; 2Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Gomal University Dera Ismail Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan; 3Department of Computer Sciences, Sub Campus Gomal University, Tank, Pakistan; 4Department of Agronomy, Agriculture College, Bahauddin University, Bahadur Sub Campus, Layyah, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Tehseen Ali Jilani, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan; Email: tehseen120@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Field experiments were conducted to assess the phenotypic diversity in diverse pea genotypes for yield determining traits under the growing condition of D. I. Khan, KPK. Experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) replicated thrice during two normal growing seasons (2013-14 and 2014-15). At physiological maturity, data were collected for yield contributory traits. In Season 1, the genotype Minarellet proved to be early maturing by taking lesser number of days to flower initiation (55.48 days) followed by Rando and Coronado. Statistically maximum variability was shown by Climax and Green feast for plant height (81.33 and 80.77 cm), number of pods plant-1 (18.64 and 17.77), weight of pods plant-1 (51.74 and 50.89 g), pod length (11.09 and 11.31 cm), pod width (2.51 and 2.31 cm), number of grains pod-1 (8.02 and 7.64), and pod yield (5.61 and 5.50 t ha-1), respectively. Almost similar results were obtained in S2. Results concluded that the best yielding capability of genotypes Climax and Green feast were mainly because of high pod yield. Results also indicated a huge variation in different varietal performance in climatic conditions of D. I. Khan which could be utilized in pea breeding programs.

 

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Sarhad Journal of Agriculture

June

Vol. 38, Iss. 2, Pages 388-758

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