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Outbreak of Dengue Fever in District Mansehra, Pakistan

Outbreak of Dengue Fever in District Mansehra, Pakistan

Sana Rafique1, Hina Saqib1, Khushi Muhammad2, Nazia Akbar2, Abdul Rauf3, Muzafar Shah4,*

1Center for Human Genetics, Hazara University, Mansehra, Pakistan
2Department of Genetics, Hazara University, Mansehra, Pakistan
3Department of Zoology, Azad Jammu and Kasmir University, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan
4Department of Zoology, University of Buner, KP, Pakistan

*Corresponding author Muzafar Shah, muzafarphd@hotmail.com 

 

ABSTRACT

Current study was conducted in the autumn season of 2015 to determine the prevalence of Dengue fever virus in district Mansehra, Pakistan. Patients were selected with the convenience sampling which were admitted in Al-Khidmat foundation and King Abdullah hospitals in Mansehra, Pakistan, where patients were screened for dengue virus non-structural protein using Rapid Diagnostic kit for Dengue virus (DENV) i.e. SD BIOLINE Dengue IgG/IgM. Data was obtained from patient’s record, filled forms and through questionnaire. Total 1332 blood samples were collected from 3 tehsils of District Mansehra. Out of which, 725 were found positive for dengue fever infection. Out of 725 positive cases, 410 (56.5%) were males and 315 (43%) were female’s patients. The high rate of DENV infection was found in the age group of 10-20 years that was 133(57.3%) followed by age group of 31-40 years that was 129 (57%) and 41-50 years that was 96 (57%). The lowest infection was found in age group above 70 years. Tehsil Mansehra and Tehsil Oghi is more affected than Tehsil Balakot because these two Tehsils are more unhygienic than Balakot. It is concluded from the study that Dengue Fever is more prevalent in males other than females of district Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan and its high proportion will result in high death rate. So, the possible measures should be taken out to control DENV spread in future.
 

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Punjab University Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 35, Iss. 2, pp. 167-268

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