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Osteometric Measurements on Topographic and Morphological Structure of Foramen in Regiones Capitis in Gurcu Goats

Osteometric Measurements on Topographic and Morphological Structure of Foramen in Regiones Capitis in Gurcu Goats

Semine Dalga* and Kadir Aslan

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafkas University, Kars-36100, Turkey

 
* Corresponding author: seminedalga@kafkas.edu.tr, sdalga91@gmail.com

Fig. 2.

Measurement of skull lateral view of Gurcu goats. 5: a, Width of maxilla; b, Length of maxilla; 1, paracondylar process; 2, meatus acusticus externus; 3, coronoid process; 4, nasal bone; 5, nasolacrimal fissur; 6: Measurement of skull occipital view of Gurcu goats; 1, Width of parietal; 2, Interparacondylar width; 3, Intercondylar width; 7: Dorsal view of skull in female and male Gurcu goats; A, Female Gurcu goat; B, Male Gurcu goat; a, Septal process; 8: 1, Distance between foramen infraorbital and premolar tooth; 2, The distance between foramen infraorbitale and tuber faciale; 3, The distance between foramen infraorbitale and orbita.

Fig. 1.

Some points on the skull of Gurcu goats. 1: A, Facial tuberosity; B, Infraorbital foramen; C, Porus acusticus externus; D, Processus corocoideus; 1, Inciciv bone; 2, Maxillar bone; 3, Nasal bone; 4, Lacrimal bone; 5 and 6, Occipital bone; 7, Paracondylar process; 8, Mandible; 9, Frontal bone; a, height of bulbus oculi; b, length of bulbus oculi; c, oval foramen; narrowhead, mental foramina; 2: Measurement of the skull (ventral view) of Gurcu goat; ICW, Intercondylar width; FMW, Width of foramen magnum; FMH, Height of foramen magnum; IPCW, Interparacondylar width; A, Fossa condylaris ventralis; B, Tympanic bullae; C, Maxillar foramen; D, Horizontal lamina of os palatinum; E, Processus palatinus of maxilla; narrowhead, foramen palatinum majus; 3: PAW, Width of palatine; PAL, Length of palatine; 4: Measurements of the skull (dorsal view) of Gurcu goat; NAW, Width of nasal; NAL, Length of nasal; FAW, Facial width; FAL, FACIAL length.

Fig. 1.

Some points on the skull of Gurcu goats. 1: A, Facial tuberosity; B, Infraorbital foramen; C, Porus acusticus externus; D, Processus corocoideus; 1, Inciciv bone; 2, Maxillar bone; 3, Nasal bone; 4, Lacrimal bone; 5 and 6, Occipital bone; 7, Paracondylar process; 8, Mandible; 9, Frontal bone; a, height of bulbus oculi; b, length of bulbus oculi; c, oval foramen; narrowhead, mental foramina; 2: Measurement of the skull (ventral view) of Gurcu goat; ICW, Intercondylar width; FMW, Width of foramen magnum; FMH, Height of foramen magnum; IPCW, Interparacondylar width; A, Fossa condylaris ventralis; B, Tympanic bullae; C, Maxillar foramen; D, Horizontal lamina of os palatinum; E, Processus palatinus of maxilla; narrowhead, foramen palatinum majus; 3: PAW, Width of palatine; PAL, Length of palatine; 4: Measurements of the skull (dorsal view) of Gurcu goat; NAW, Width of nasal; NAL, Length of nasal; FAW, Facial width; FAL, FACIAL length.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

February

Vol. 55, Iss. 1, Pages 1-500

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