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Notes on Acanthaspis quinquespinosa Complex (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Reduviinae) with Description of a New Species from Pakistan

Notes on Acanthaspis quinquespinosa Complex (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Reduviinae) with Description of a New Species from Pakistan

Syed Ishfaq Ali Shah1,3, Azaz Ahmad2 and Wanzhi Cai1,*

1Department of Entomology, China Agricultural University, Yuanmingyuan West Road, Beijing 100193, China
2Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
3Entomology Section, Central Cotton Research Institute, Old Shujabad Road, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
 
* Corresponding author: caiwz@cau.edu.cn

Fig. 1.

Acanthaspis quinquespinosa (Fabricius, 1781), ♂ habitus. A, Dorsal view; B, Same, ventral view; C, Same, lateral view. Scale bar: 3.00 mm. 

Fig. 2.

Acanthaspis quinquespinosa (Fabricius, 1781), ♀ habitus. A, Dorsal view; B, Same, ventral view; C, Same, lateral view. Scale bar: 3.00 mm.

Fig. 3.

Acanthaspis flavipes Stål, 1855 (previously known), ♂ habitus. A, Dorsal view; B, Same, ventral view. Scale bar: 3.00 mm. 

Fig. 5.

Acanthaspis quinquespinosa (Fabricius, 1781), ♂ (A–C); Acanthaspis flavipes Stål, 1855 (previously known), ♂ (D). A, Head, antennal scape and pronotum with different color patterns and distinct spines; B, Head with antennal scape, distinct neck and labium with its stylet; C, Pronotum with different color patterns; D, Pronotum with different color patterns and tubercles. A, C–D, Dorsal view; B, Lateral view. Scale bar: A, 2.00 mm; B–D, 1.00 mm.

Fig. 6.

Acanthaspis flavipes Stål, 1855 (previously known), ♀. A, Pronotum furnished with indistinct tubercles and different color patterns; B, Pronotum bearing tubercles (gibbosities) with different color patterns; C, Pronotum with distinct tubercles; D, Stridulitrum. A–C, Dorsal view; D, Ventral view. Scale bar: 1.00 mm.

Fig. 7.

Acanthaspis quinquespinosa (Fabricius, 1781), ♂. A, Hemelytra with distinct basal spot; B, Hindwing. A–B, Dorsal view. Scale bar: 2.00 mm.

Fig. 8.

Acanthaspis quinquespinosa (Fabricius, 1781). ♂ (A–B); ♀ (C–D). A–B, Abdomen with dark yellowish connexivum, distinct scent glands on tergites III-IV and central ridge; C–D, Abdomen with dark orangish connexivum, reduced scent glands and medial half approaching central ridge. A, C, Dorsal view; B, D, Ventral view. Scale bar: 2.00 mm.

Fig. 9.

Acanthaspis quinquespinosa (Fabricius, 1781), ♂ (A–F). A–C, Parameres; D–F, Pygophore. A–C, Different view; D, Dorsal view; E, Lateral view; F, Ventral view. Scale bar: A–C, 0.25 mm; D–F, 0.50 mm.

Fig. 10.

Acanthaspis quinquespinosa (Fabricius, 1781), ♂. A–B, Phallus; C, Phallobase; D, Phallosoma. A, Dorsal view; B, Lateral view; C–D, Ventral view. Scale bar: A–B, D, 0.50 mm; C, 0.25 mm.

Fig. 12.

Acanthaspis rafiqi Shah and Cai, sp. nov., ♀ habitus. A, Dorsal view; B, Same, ventral view. Scale bar: 3.00 mm.

Fig. 13.

Acanthaspis rafiqi Shah and Cai, sp. nov., ♂ (A–C); ♀ (D). A, Head and labium; B, Head, antennal scape, distinct neck and collar process; C, pronotum consisting of four light beige spots; D, pronotum with four dark beige spots. A, Lateral view; B–D, Dorsal view. Scale bar: A, 0.50 mm; B–D, 1.00 mm.

Fig. 14.

Acanthaspis rafiqi Shah and Cai, sp. nov., ♂. A, Hemelytra with indistinct basal spot; B, Prosternum with deep medial groove; C, Hindwing. A, C, Dorsal view; B, Ventral view. Scale bar: A, 2.00 mm; B, 0.50 mm; C, 1.00 mm.

Fig. 15.

Acanthaspis rafiqi Shah and Cai, sp. nov., ♀. A, Proleg; B, fossula spongiosa; C, mesoleg; D, metaleg. A, C–D, Lateral view; B, Ventral view. Scale bar: 2.00 mm.

Fig. 16.

Acanthaspis rafiqi Shah and Cai, sp. nov., ♀. A–B, Abdomen; C–D, Abdominal venter. A, C, Dorsal view; B, D, Ventral view. Scale bar: A–B, 2.00 mm.

Fig. 17.

Acanthaspis rafiqi Shah and Cai, sp. nov., ♂. A–B, Phallus; C, Apical most portion of phallosoma; D, Phallosoma. A, C, Dorsal view; B, D, Ventral view. Scale bar: A–B, 0.50 mm; D, 0.25 mm.

Fig. 18.

Habitat of Acanthaspis rafiqi Shah and Cai, sp. nov., in Arja village, District Baugh, Azad Jammu and Kashmir State, Pakistan.

Fig. 19.

Distribution of Acanthaspis quinquespinosa (Fabricius, 1781) and A. rafiqi Shah and Cai, sp. nov., in various localities of Pakistan.

Fig. 4.

Acanthaspis quinquespinosa (Fabricius, 1781), ♀ (A–C), syntype habitus, label; Acanthaspis flavipes Stål, 1855, ♂ (D–G), holotype habitus, label, page excerpt from catalogue available at MFNB. A, C, Dorsal view; D, E, Ventral view. Scale bar: 5.00 mm. A–C, Photographed by Valérie Lemaitre (NHMUK, London); D–G, Photographed by Dr. Jürgen Deckert (MFNB, Berlin).

Fig. 11.

Acanthaspis rafiqi Shah and Cai, sp. nov., ♂ habitus. Scale bar: 3.00 mm.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

February

Vol. 55, Iss. 1, Pages 1-500

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