Submit or Track your Manuscript LOG-IN

Management of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and Rhyzopertha dominica (Fabricius) by using Microwave Oven

Muhammad Nauman, Unsar Naeem-Ullah*, Mehreen Hanif, Hafsah Ghaffar, Muhammad Shahid and Syed Haroon Masood Bokhari

Institute of Plant Protection (IPP), Muhammad Nawaz Shareef University of Agriculture Multan, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Unsar Naeem-Ullah, Institute of Plant Protection (IPP), Muhammad Nawaz Shareef University of Agriculture Multan, Pakistan; Email: naeem1130@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Wheat, Triticum aestivum L., is one of most important staple food crop of Pakistan. Its grains have rich sources of proteins, fibers and minerals. This cereal crop has maximum proportion in daily basic diet of human in Pakistan. Disinfestation of wheat grains by using microwaves can be safe option than chemical control. Therefore, in this study a digital microwave oven of 50 Hz is used to determine the mortality of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and Rhyzopertha dominica (Fabricius) adults. Grain samples of 20 g in each petri dish were infested with both adults and exposed to microwaves for 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 sec. For germination determination 25 seeds from each treatment were selected. Results indicates that increase in exposure time also increase the mortality but it reduces the germination capability of the grains. 20 sec exposure time of microwave oven is enough to cause maximum mortality without disturbing the germination quality of the grains.

 

To share on other social networks, click on P-share. What are these?

Journal of Innovative Sciences

December

Vol. 6, Iss. 2, Pages 77-235

Featuring

Click here for more

Subscribe Today

Receive free updates on new articles, opportunities and benefits


Subscribe Unsubscribe