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Management Practices and Economic Analysis of Camel in District Khairpur Mir’s, Sindh

Management Practices and Economic Analysis of Camel in District Khairpur Mir’s, Sindh

Turab Ali Kaurajo1*, Huma Rizwana1, Gulbahar Khaskheli2, Muhammad Haroon Baloch1, Muhammad Naeem Rajput1, Asad Ali Khaskheli3 and Mohsin Solangi

1Department of Livestock Management, Sindh Agriculture University, Tando Jam, Pakistan; 2Department of Animal Products Technology, Sindh Agriculture University, Tando Jam, Pakistan; 3Department of Animal Nutrition, Sindh Agriculture University, Tando Jam, Pakistan.

tourabalikorejo@gmail.com  

ABSTRACT

The present study was conducted to analyze the management practices and economic importance of the camels at district Khairpur Mir’s, Sindh during the year of 2017. A total of sixty camel herders were selected during the survey and interviewed using comprehensive Questionnaire. Survey indicated that the Sakrai breed is prominent in number followed by Dhatti, Larri/Sindhi. Camel herders were almost uneducated except small proportions that were primary passed. Among the land holders, each sedentary and household camel herders possessed 1 to 5 acres land where they grew Rabbi and Kharif crops. The production systems were 45% of sedentary, 26.6% transhumant, 18.3% nomadic and 10% house hold. The age of 60% camel herders were found between 25 to 50 years, 28.33% between 50 to 60, 8.33% above 60 while 3.33% below 25 years. Incidence of protozoa were more common at study area. The age of puberty and breeding life were 3-5 and 12-22 years respectively in females. Duration of estrus cycle in camel varied from 16-22 days. Average hair production of 1.63, 1.62, 1.47 and 1.36 kg was noted for Kharai, Dhatti, Larri and Sakrai breeds respectively. Average daily milk production of Dhatti, Sakrai, Kharai and Larri camels were recorded as 6.40, 5.23, 4.90 and 5.20 liters respectively while the lactation yield was found 1529.30, 1455, 1442 and 1511 liters respectively. The Kharai camels possessed capability of carrying high load (553kg) followed by Larri/Sindhi 515 kg. Study concludes that the camel are reared by using old traditional methods. The modern farming does not exit and extension services are rarely available to motivate and educate the camel herders. Higher load carrying capacity, hair production and body weight was observed in Kharai breed, however; milk production and lactation length was better in Dhatti breed. 

 

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Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research

June

Vol. 33, Iss. 2, Pages 192-421

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