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The Equine Influenza Outbreak in Pakistan 2016: Seroprevalence and Geo-Temporal Epidemiology of a Large Propagating Outbreak

The Equine Influenza Outbreak in Pakistan 2016: Seroprevalence and Geo-Temporal Epidemiology of a Large Propagating Outbreak

Amjad Khan1,*, Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq1, Mansur ud Din Ahmad1, Jawad Nazir1, Zahida Fatima2, Asghar Khan3 and Shahid Hussain Farooqi3

1Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
2Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad 33000, Pakistan
3Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan

*      Corresponding author: dramjadkhan77@gmail.com

Fig. 1.

Geographical distribution of seroprevalence and spread of EIV outbreak 2015-16 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Fig. 2.

Epidemic curve for the equine influenza outbreak in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The vertical columns show the new infections by a week of the outbreak 2015-16.

Fig. 3.

Phylogenetic analysis of HA1 gene segment-amino acid sequence from Pakistan, 2016. Maximum likelihood tree was constructed. The ancestor root on top and the current isolate are in bold.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

February

Vol. 50, Iss. 1, Pages 1-400

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