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Local Rice Farmers Attitude and Behavior towards Agricultural Programs and Policies

Local Rice Farmers Attitude and Behavior towards Agricultural Programs and Policies

Hendro Prasetyo1*, Diah Karmiyati2, Roy Hendroko Setyobudi2, Ahmad Fauzi2, Trias Agung Pakarti1,3, Mardiana Sri Susanti4, Waris Ali Khan5, Leila Neimane6,7 and Maizirwan Mel8,9

1University of Brawijaya, Malang 65145, Indonesia; 2University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Malang 65144, Indonesia; 3Mayantara School, Malang, Malang 65146, Indonesia; 4Aura Statistics Consultant, Malang 65141,  Indonesia; 5Pakistan Academy of Sciences,  Islamabad Capital Territory, Pakistan; 6University of Latvia, Rīga, LV-1586, Latvia; 7Balticpeatmoss, Ltd., Riga, LV-1010, Latvia; 8International Islamic University Malaysia, 50278 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 9Postgraduate School, Universitas Nasional, Special Region of Jakarta 12550, Indonesia.

*Correspondence |Hendro Prasetyo, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia; Email:


The government has been launching agricultural programs by producing rice of certain superior cultivars to achieve rice self-sufficiency and sustainability and bundling them with beneficial policies. However, quite a large number of rice farmers continue to grow local rice variants. This study aims to identify, analyze, and describe farmers’ attitude and behavior. A survey was employed for quantitative data gathering and an interview was for the qualitative ones. A total of 52 respondents were of local rice farmers in Sidodadi and Banturejo villages of Ngantang district, Malang Regency, East Java, Indonesia. The result of correlation test showed good cognitive, affective, and conative aspects of the farmers despite low achievement rates in all government programs. Social stratification significantly affected the farmers’ response on the programs. The farmers’ cognitive, affective, and educational aspects are also significantly influential in their response. Further motives are of internal factors (social) and external ones (official, organizational, private, cultural, and natural).

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Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research


Vol.35, Iss. 4, Pages 578-684


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