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In vivo Anticoccidial Activity of Salvadora persica Root Extracts

In vivo Anticoccidial Activity of Salvadora persica Root Extracts

Felwa A. Thagfan1, Mohamed A. Dkhil1,2* and Saleh Al-Quraishy1

1Department of Zoology, College of Science, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

2Department of Zoology and Entomology, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Egypt

Email: mohameddkhil@yahoo.com

 

 

ABSTRACT

Salvadora persica is one of the commonly used plants in Islamic countries.The root extracts of S. persica has been tested for its anticoccidial activity against Eimeria paillata induced infection in mice jejunum. Three different doses, 300, 600 and 900 mg/kg were used after infection of mice with sporulated oocysts. A dose of 300 mg/kg reduced the number of oocyst output in mice faeces by about 56.8 % and also improved the body weight. In addition, the root extract decreased the number of parasitic stages and the number of goblet cells in the jejunal villi in the infected mice. Moreover, the expression of the goblet cell mucin gene, muc2 was upregulated after treatment with the root extract. Based on our results, it could be concluded that, S. persica root extracts acts as anticoccidial agent.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 51, Iss. 6, Pages 1999-2399

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