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Immune-Related Gene Expression in Response to Different Strains of Egyptian Low Pathogenic H9N2 Infection in Chicken Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells

Immune-Related Gene Expression in Response to Different Strains of Egyptian Low Pathogenic H9N2 Infection in Chicken Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells

Ahmed Samy, Wesam Mady, Naglaa M. Haggag, Samah H. Mohamed, Ebtissam N. AlShamy, M.K. Hassan

Reference Laboratory for Veterinary Quality Control on Poultry Production, Animal Health Research Institute, Dokki, Giza 12618, Egypt; 2Immunology Unit, Animal Health Research Institute, Dokki, Giza 12618, Egypt; 3Avian and Rabbit Virology-Immunology-Parasitology Unit, Anses, Ploufragan-Plouzané Laboratory, BP 53 Ploufragan, 22440, France.

dr.ahmed189@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Avian influenza H9N2 represents one of the most important challenges to poultry production worldwide. That is in addition to its ability to induce mortalities and reduce the productivity, it accused to be negatively affecting the avian immune response facilitating the secondary infection. Many reports take into account the genotypic and pathogenic characterization of H9N2 in avian species. However little is known about the impact of different strains on the innate immune response. In the present study, using quantitative real-time PCR, cytokines gene expression were examined in response to infection with two strains of Egyptian H9N2 (namely V3 and RSF/1) in chicken peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Hemagglutinin gene sequence analysis of the two strains reveal high similarity with difference close to cleavage site (HARSSR/ GLF) and (PARSSR/GLF) for V3 and RSF/1 respectively. Results of growth kinetics in PBMCs showed that V3 replicated more efficiently comparing to RSF/1 at all-time points. Further, strain V3 induced significant up-regulation of IL-1b and IL-6 at 24 hours post infections (hpi) comparing to RSF/1. However, both strains induced significant up-regulations of interleukin (IL)-8 at 1 and 3hpi and interferon (IFN)-α late 24 and 48hpi. Altogether, our results suggest that the concurrent up-regulation of IFNα, IL-1b and IL-6 with higher viral load could represent an important feature affecting the viral pathogenicity and associated with impairment of innate immune response that in turn facilitate and magnify the effect of co-infections.

 

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Hosts and Viruses

June

Vol.6, Iss.3, Pages 42-84

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