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Houttuynia cordate Thunb Boosts the Non-Specific Immune Response and Enhances Resistance to Edwardsiellosis in the Olive Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)

Houttuynia cordate Thunb Boosts the Non-Specific Immune Response and Enhances Resistance to Edwardsiellosis in the Olive Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)

Fan Yi1,2, Xiaobin Yang1, Shigen Ye1, Hua Li1 and Ruijun Li1,*

1Agriculture Department Key Laboratory of Mariculture and Stock Enhancement in North China’s Sea, Dalian Key Laboratory of Marine Animal Disease Control and Prevention, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China
2Dalian No. 2 People’s Hospital, Dalian Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital, Dalian 116000, China

Fan Yi and Xiaobin Yang have contributed equally and should be considered co-first authors.

Fig. 1.

Effect of HCT on PP of P. olivaceus head kidney cells. Data are expressed as mean ± SE. Means in the same column sharing the same superscript letter are not significantly different as determined by Duncan’s test (P < 0.05).

Fig. 2.

Effect of HCT on PP of P. olivaceus head kidney cells. Data are expressed as mean ± SE. Means in the same column sharing the same superscript letter are not significantly different as determined by Duncan’s test (P < 0.05).

Fig. 3.

Effect of HCT on respiratory burst activity of P. olivaceus head kidney cells. Data are expressed as mean ± SE. Means in the same column sharing the same superscript letter are not significantly different as determined by Duncan’s test (P < 0.05).

Fig. 4.

Effect of HCT on lysozyme activity of P. olivaceus serum. Data are expressed as mean ± SE. Means in the same column sharing the same superscript letter are not significantly different as determined by Duncan’s test (P < 0.05).

Fig. 5.

Edwarsiella tarda challenge experiment.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

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