Habitat Suitability Modeling of Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus) in Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan
Usman Ali1,2*, Basharat Ahmad1, Riaz Aziz Minhas1, Muhammad Kabir3, Muhammad Siddique Awan1, Liaqat Ali Khan1 and Muhammad Bashir Khan1
1Department of Zoology, The University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad 13100, AJ&K.
2Department of Zoology, Mirpur University of Science and Technology, Mirpur 10250, AJ&K.
3Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, University of Haripur, Haripur 22620, Pakistan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Map of the study area showing northern districts (A), and different study sites (B) in AJ&K.
SDMs prediction of Asiatic black bear distribution in AJ&K.
Binary map of Asiatic black bear presence/absence in the study area.
Averaged omission and predicted area for Asiatic black bear presence illustrated the test omission rate and predicted area as a function of the cumulative threshold, averaged over the replicate runs.
Analysis of omission/commission showing how well the model accurately predicted ABB presence; the AUC of 0.840 means that the model is an excellent predictor of ABB presence as Maxent output.
Response curves of probability of presence of Asiatic black bear to (A): Elevation, (B): mean temperature of coldest quarter, (C): global land cover (D): precipitation of driest quarter. The red curves represent the mean trends while the blue shades show the mean +/- the standard deviation. In each graph, the x-axis shows the change in each environmental variable, while the y-axis shows the species’ probability of presence.