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Genetic Relatedness among the Indigenous Isolates of Trichoderma harzianum, using RAPD and their Nematocidal Capabilities against Meloidogyne javanica

Genetic Relatedness among the Indigenous Isolates of Trichoderma harzianum, using RAPD and their Nematocidal Capabilities against Meloidogyne javanica

Baharullah Khattak1*, Saifullah2, Shaukat Hussain2, Musharraf Ahmad2, Asad Ali2, Mohammad Junaid2, Ijaz Ahmad Khan3, Taj Ali Khan1 and Mubbashir Hussain1 

1Department Microbiology, Kohat University of Science and Technology Kohat, Pakistan; 2Department Plant Pathology, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan; 3Departmnt Weed Science, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan; 4Department Biotechnology and GE, Kohat University of Science and Technology Kohat, Pakistan.

baharkk75@yahoo.com  

ABSTRACT

Trichoderma harzianum is a well-known fungus and is being used as bio control agent for the management of important plant pathogens including root knot nematodes (RKN). In the present studies, 15 isolates of Trichoderma harzianum were collected from different the root knot nematodes-infested tomato field of Malakand and Swat, Pakistan. These isolates were tested for their nematocidal effects against Meloidogyne javanica. Anti-J2 antagonistic test divided the isolates into 5 antagonistic groups or AGs. AG1 was observed as the most antagonistic group, causing an average of 66.6% J2 mortality. Genetic variability among these isolates, was studied at molecular level by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA procedure. A selected set of three random primers was used for this purpose, which resulted in 113 bands on gel for the 15 isolates of T. harzianum. The analysis of the bi-variate data, using Unweighted Paired Groups Method Averages, divided the indigenous isolates of Trichoderma, into four well-defined clusters. These results clearly revealed that there were considerable genetic differences among the Trichoderma isolates. While, there was no correlation, found between RAPD clusters and aggressive groups (AGs). Isolates belonging to different AGs were found scattered among the four RAPD clusters. It was concluded that the indigenous isolates of Trichoderma harzianum were found effective against root knot nematodes and there was a significant difference among these isolates, at the molecular level. 

 

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Sarhad Journal of Agriculture

September

Vol. 34, Iss. 3, Pages 494-711

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