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Exogenous Application of Proline Improved Salt Tolerance in Rice through Modulation of Antioxidant Activities

Exogenous Application of Proline Improved Salt Tolerance in Rice through Modulation of Antioxidant Activities

Fouzia Tabssum1, Qamar uz Zaman2*, Yinglong Chen3,4, Umair Riaz5*, Waqas Ashraf6, Ambreen Aslam2, Nusrat Ehsan2, Rab Nawaz2, Humera Aziz7 and Shamim ul Sibtain Shah8 

1Department of Botany, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 2Department of Environmental Sciences, The University of Lahore-Lahore, Pakistan; 3Institute of Agriculture and School of Agriculture and Environment, The University of Western Australia, WA 6009, Australia; 4Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A and F University, and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China; 5Department of Agriculture, Soil and Water Testing Laboratory for Research, Bahawalpur-63100, Government of Punjab, Pakistan; 6University College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 7Soil, Water and Environmental Chemistry Laboratory, Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad-38040, Pakistan; 8FO and S, National Agriculture Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan.

umair.riaz@uaf.edu.pk; umairbwp3@gmail.com  

ABSTRACT

The present study evaluated the role of foliar applied proline to enhance salt tolerance of two rice cultivars with contrasting salt tolerance: Super basmati (salt susceptible) and Shaheen basmati (salt tolerant) in both nursery and field conditions. For pot experiment, salinity stress was imposed by applying 50 mM of NaCl solution to the soil daily for three continuing days, and applications of proline (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 mM) was applied 25 DAS. For field experiment, the same cultivars were grown in a saline soil (EC = 5.05 d Sm-1) for two growth seasons with or without 50 mM proline applied at seedling stage (15 days after transplanting, DAT), vegetative state (50 DAT) or at both stages. Results from pot experiment revealed that foliar applied 50 mM proline significantly improved the seedling growth under saline stress by reducing electrolyte leakage and improving the water related (relative water contents and water potential), and biochemical attributes (SOD, CAT, MDA, EL and T CHL). Under field conditions, exogenous application of optimized dose of proline both at seedling establishment and vegetative stage significantly improved the performance of rice cultivars by improving tillering dynamics, plant water-relations, chlorophyll pigments, photosynthetic pigments, morphological and yield related traits of rice cultivars. Proline application improved the efficiency of salt tolerance of rice cultivars, Shaheen basmati showed better response in terms of yield than Super basmati. In crux, foliar applications of 50 mM proline at seedling and vegetative stages are more effective for achieving the best kernel yield under saline conditions.  

 

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Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research

June

Vol. 32, Iss. 2, Pages 218-415

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