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Evaluation of Synthetic Insecticides and Essential Oils for the Management of Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae)

Evaluation of Synthetic Insecticides and Essential Oils for the Management of Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae)

Muhammad Arshad1, Muhammad Irfan Ullah1,*, Muhammad Afzal1, Yasir Iftikhar2, Samina Khalid3, Zahoor Hussain4, Jaime Molina-Ochoa5,6 and John E. Foster6

 1Department of Entomology, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan

2Department of Plant Pathology, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan
3Department of Environmental Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Vehari, Pakistan
4Department of Horticulture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan
5Universidad de Colima-Coordinación General de Investigación Científica-Centro Universitario de Investigación y Desarrollo Agropecuario, Km. 40 autopista Colima-Manzanillo, Tecomán, Colima 28930, México
6Department of Entomology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, USA

*      Corresponding author: mirfanullah@uos.edu.pk

 

Fig. 1.

Percent mortality (Means±SE) of CLM larvae after application of different synthetic insecticides (A) and botanicals (B) by using two bioassay techniques. For A, means sharing similar letters for each bioassay are not significantly different from each-others, Significance rate (F=3.11, P<0.05), For B, significant rate (F=1.26, P>0.05). LDB, leaf dip bioassay; TB, topical bioassay.

Fig. 2.

Percent mortality (Means±SE) of CLM larvae after application of different concentration of botanicals, Significant effect of concentration (F=60.59, P<0.001) was observed. LDB, leaf dip bioassay; TB, topical bioassay.

Percentage mortality

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 51, Iss. 6, Pages 1999-2399

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