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Evaluation of Growth Parameters and Germination Behaviour of Different Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Cultivars under Hydroponic Condition

Evaluation of Growth Parameters and Germination Behaviour of Different Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Cultivars under Hydroponic Condition

Mehwish Liaquat1*, Arshad Mahmood Malik1, Muhammad Ishaq1, Hafiz Muhammad Qasim Ashraf2 and Ismara Naseem

1Institute of Hydroponic Agriculture, PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan; 2Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.

mehwish2454@yahoo.com  

ABSTRACT

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) is an important vegetable crop of Pakistan. Tomato is most edible and nutritious vegetable crop. The study was performed at the Institute of Hydroponic Agriculture PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi to check the growth and germination behaviour of different tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) varieties grown under hydroponic conditions. Five different tomato varieties (Berberana F1, Lezaforta F1, Elipida F1, Premium Ruby and Cherry Tomato) were used for the experiment. Growth related parameters such as shoot length, root length; stem diameter and number of leaves were observed at 30 days aged seedlings in coco peat media. The experiment was executed according to completely randomized design (CRD) with four replications. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed on the data. Significant changes were observed in growth parameters among different tomato varieties. Data were collected on germination percentage after two days interval. The results revealed that the germination percentage (100%) was higher in Cherry Tomato. The seedling root length (37.62 mm), seedlings shoot length (89 mm), number of leaves (6), stem diameter (1.74 mm) were observed in Berberana tomato variety than the other varieties and therefore it is found that tomato varieties such as Cherry and Berberana in hydroponics system can use for good seedling quality and germination behaviour. 

 

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Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research

September

Vol. 33, Iss. 3, Pages 422-691

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