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Evaluation of Fine Basmati Rice Varieties for Morphology, Yield and Economic Benefits in Gujranwala Cropping Zone

Evaluation of Fine Basmati Rice Varieties for Morphology, Yield and Economic Benefits in Gujranwala Cropping Zone

Ali Zohaib1*, Muzzammil Hussain1, Iftikhar Ahmad1, Mushtaq Ali2, Tahira Tabassum3 and Adnan Bashir1

1Adaptive Research Farm, Gujranwala 52200, Pakistan; 2Directorate of Coordination (Farms, Training and Adaptive Research), Lahore 54000, Pakistan; 3Department of Biology, Faculty of life Sciences, University of Okara, Okara 56300, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Ali Zohaib, Adaptive Research Farm, Gujranwala 52200, Pakistan; Email: alizohaib208@gmail.com 

ABSTRACT

Determination of crop maturation duration, yield and economic benefits of different Basmati rice varieties is imperative for enhancing the output of rice-wheat cropping system. Hence, two-year study was accomplished to find out the differences in growth, crop maturation duration, yield and economic benefits of Basmati rice varieties (Super Basmati, PK-1121 aromatic, Chenab Basmati, Kissan Basmati, Punjab Basmati, Noor Basmati and NIAB Basmati 2016) in Gujranwala rice-wheat cropping zone. Among all varieties, NIAB Basmati 2016 produced the greatest plant height. However, Kissan Basmati and NIAB Basmati 2016 matured earlier while Super Basmati matured at last. The highest productive tillers and grains number per panicle were produced by Super Basmati and Chenab Basmati, respectively; however, maximum 1000-grain weight was produced by Noor Basmati and PK-1121 Aromatic. Among all varieties, the Chenab Basmati was highest yielder while NIAB Basmati 2016 produced the lowest yield. However, Super Basmati gave highest net returns and benefit cost ratio (BCR) due to its high paddy market price, and it was followed by Chenab Basmati. In conclusion, Super Basmati and Chenab Basmati could be adopted in Gujranwala rice-wheat cropping zone to achieve better yield and economic benefits; while Kissan Basmati could be adopted for increasing the cropping intensity and productivity of cropping zone due its earlier maturity and better yield.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 54, Iss. 4, Pages 1501-2001

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