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Eradicating Peste des Petits Ruminants - The Challenges Ahead

Eradicating Peste des Petits Ruminants - The Challenges Ahead

Ashley C. Banyard1* and Satya Parida2

1Animal and Plant Health Agency, Wildlife Zoonoses and Vector Borne Disease Research Group, Department of Virology, Woodham Lane, New Haw, Weybridge, Surrey, KT15 3NB; 2The Pirbright Institute, Ash Road, Pirbright, Surrey, GU240NF, United Kingdom.

Email: Ashley.banyard@apha.gsi.gov.uk

ABSTRACT

Abstract | Peste des petits ruminants virus causes an economically important disease of small ruminants that causes extensive livestock losses across areas where it is endemic. Further the recent description of the disease in naïve populations of animals have demonstrated an expansion of the distribution of the disease. Having been in the shadow of rinderpest virus for decades little is understood regarding factors that influence the outcome of infection with both viral and host genetics being thought to influence the outcome of disease. Following the successful global eradication of rinderpest virus, peste des petits ruminants virus has also been targeted for global eradication by the OIE. Whilst the tools are available to attempt eradication there are a number of factors that will influence the strategy taken to progress with the aim of eradication. Here we describe current areas where knowledge improvement is required to shape our understanding of the disease and its distribution alongside areas of investigation that require consideration in any viral eradication campaign. 

 

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Hosts and Viruses

June

Vol.6, Iss.3, Pages 42-84

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