Submit or Track your Manuscript LOG-IN

Enamel Hypoplasia Analysis of Middle Miocene Mammals from Chabbar Syedan, Punjab, Pakistan

Enamel Hypoplasia Analysis of Middle Miocene Mammals from Chabbar Syedan, Punjab, Pakistan

Muhammad Khalil Nawaz* and Muhammad Akbar Khan

Dr. Abu Bakr Fossil Display and Research Centre, Department of Zoology, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, University of the Punjab, Lahore

 
* Corresponding author: khalilnawaz62@gmail.com

Fig. 1.

Location of the collection area “Chabbar Syedan” site in Jhelum district with outcrops exposed in the vicinity of the village.

Fig. 2.

Lithological column of the surveyed area in the Chabbar Syedan, Potwar Plateau, Pakistan. The area represents the Chinji Formation of the Lower Siwaliks and other formations are missing from the surveyed area.

Fig. 3.

A, the hypothetical tooth diagram representing enamel development (Goodman and Rose, 1990; Franz-Odendaal et al., 2004); B, The process of enamel formation revealed in the studied giraffid molar; arrow direction pointed towards the EH (tip to base).

Fig. 3.

A, the hypothetical tooth diagram representing enamel development (Goodman and Rose, 1990; Franz-Odendaal et al., 2004); B, The process of enamel formation revealed in the studied giraffid molar; arrow direction pointed towards the EH (tip to base).

Fig. 4.

EH in mammalian species of Chabbar Syedan: 1-3, Miotragocerus gluten; 4-5, Gazella sp.; 6, Giraffa priscilla; 7, Dorcatherium minus; 8-9, Listriodon pentapotamiae; 10, Deinotherium pentapotamiae; 11, Protanuncus chinjiensis.

Fig. 5.

Histogram showing frequencies (%) of hypoplasia types (single LEH, multiple LEH and PEH) in the observed teeth samples.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

October

Vol. 54, Iss. 5, Pages 2003-2500

Featuring

Click here for more

Subscribe Today

Receive free updates on new articles, opportunities and benefits


Subscribe Unsubscribe