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Effects of Mulberry Leaves with Bacillus subtilis on Growth and Production Performance of Silkworm, Bombyx mori L.

Effects of Mulberry Leaves with Bacillus subtilis on Growth and Production Performance of Silkworm, Bombyx mori L.

Wang Zaigui1,*, Guo Panpan1, Ye Miao1, Sun Linghong1, Zhang Hongfu2 and Liu Chaoliang1,*

1College of Life Science, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, Anhui 230000, China
2State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China

Wang Zaigui and Guo Panpan contributed equally to this work.

*      Corresponding authors: wangzaigui2013@163.com; cyschx@163.com

 

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted with 1500 healthy silkworm larvae. There were two treatment groups: control group, without added Bacillus subtilis, and B.subtilis group, with B. subtilis at 2.0×1010 CFU/mL added to the feed. Experimental diets were fed in three phases: 3rd instar, 4thinstar and 5th instar. Furthermore, 3 replications were maintained and 250 silkworm larvae were reared in each replication. Different growth parameters and cocoon parameters were measured at each stage of silkworm. With the aim to investigate the supplemental effects of B.subtilis on growth performances, cocoon quality and amylase activity of silkworm, Bombyx L, we got the following results: (1) In the larval duration of 3rd instar silkworm, average weight gain (AWG) and feed conversion ratio (RFC) were not significantly affected with the use of B. subtilis, but the remaining amount of mulberry leaves (RAML) was significantly decreased contrasting to the blank group (P<0.05). (2) In the larval duration of 4th instar silkworm, adding B. subtilis to the feed could significantly increase the AWG and RFC and decrease of RAML (P<0.05) (3) In the larval duration of 5th instar silkworm, maximum growth parameters level were achieved with silkworm in the experiment group, that the AWG, RFC and RAML, were very significantly affected by adding the B. subtilis to the feed (P<0.01). (4) Pupa weight (PW) and cocoon weight (CW) were significantly affected by the added B. subtilis (P<0.05). Other cocoon parameters, such as frison weight (FW) and average cocoon weight (ACW), were more pronounced increased than the blank group (P<0.01). (5) The proteinase activity in middle intestine was higher than that of the blank group (P<0.05). Collectively, the results indicated that adding B.subtilis to the feed of silkworm had positive effects on growth performances of the Bombyx mori L. apparently.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 51, Iss. 4, Pages 1203-1598

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