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Effects of Consumption of Caged and Un-Caged Chicken Meat on Ovarian Health of Female Wistar Rats

Effects of Consumption of Caged and Un-Caged Chicken Meat on Ovarian Health of Female Wistar Rats

Saara Ahmad1,*, Iftikhar Ahmed2, Saida Haider3, Zehra Batool3, Fatima Ahmed4, Saiqa Tabassum3,6, Syeda Madiha3, Tahira Perveen3 and Saad Bilal Ahmed5

1Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
2Department of Biochemistry, Baqai Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan
3Neurochemistry and Biochemical Neuropharmacology Research Unit, Department of Biochemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan
4Department of Opthalmology, Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College, Karachi, Pakistan
5Department of Geriatrics, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
6Department of Biochemistry, Barrett Hodgson University, Karachi, Pakistan

*      Corresponding author:;



The caged chicken meat consumption has peaked current days due to its incredible taste and low cost. However, to meet the increasing demand the chickens are reared commercially through feeds and battery cages allowing maximum weight gain and growth in considerably less time. The constituents that are fed to chickens concentrate in the flesh and bring deleterious health outcomes on the consumers. The ill effects account for hyper-lipidemias and imbalance in the steroidal sex hormones may result in the development of cysts in the ovaries with resultant difficulties in reproduction. The present study was done on 75 rats divided randomly in 5 equal groups fed with rat chow, caged chicken meat, uncaged chicken meat, raw spinach and soybean for a period of six weeks. The levels of plasma cholesterol, progestril, estradiol, and androgens were estimated at the end of the experiment. The ovaries of the rats were collected, weighed and histopathologically evaluated for the development of cysts. It was seen that the ovaries of the group treated with caged chicken meat showed increased cholesterol levels, imbalanced steroidal sex hormone levels, increased ovary weight and development of the cysts upon histopathological examination as compared to the rats of other groups in the study.



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Pakistan Journal of Zoology


Vol. 51, Iss. 1, Pages 1-398


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