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Effect of Thiamethoxam and λ Cyhalothrin, Administered Individually and in Mixture on the Endocrine Function and Antioxidant Defense of Gonads of Oreochromis niloticus

Effect of Thiamethoxam and λ Cyhalothrin, Administered Individually and in Mixture on the Endocrine Function and Antioxidant Defense of Gonads of Oreochromis niloticus

Derya Kocamaz* and Elif Oruc

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Arts, Cukurova University, 01330, Adana, Turkey 

*      Corresponding author: deryaserbes@gmail.com

 

Fig 1

A) AChE (U/mg protein); B) EROD (nmol. min-1.mg protein-1); C) SOD (U/mg protein); D) CAT (U/mg protein); E) GST (U/mg protein); F) GSH (μM/ protein); G) MDA (nmol/mg protein); H) PCO (nmol carbonyl/mg protein); I) estradiol (pmol/L) and J) testosterone (ng/dL) measured in O. niloticus exposed to hiamethoxam; λ cyhalothrin and their combined treatments on 7th, 15th days and depuration period. Values showen are means ± standard error. * groups with parameters significantly different from control. The letters of a-c show significant differences between periods and letters of x-w show indicate significant differences amoung exposure groups for same period (n=6, p<0.05). (G1:23.86 mg/L thiamethoxam, G2: 47.72 mg/L thiamethoxam, G3: 0.145 μg/L λ cyhalothrin, G4:0.290 μg/L λ cyhalothrin, G5: 23.86 mg/L thiamethoxam+0.145 μg/L λ cyhalothrin, G6: 47.72 mg/L thiamethoxam 0.290+ μg/L λ cyhalothrin).

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

June

Vol. 52, Iss. 3, Pages 825-1224

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