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Effect of Supplementing Different Levels of Mustard Seed Cake on Milk Yield and Milk Composition of Achai Cattle

Effect of Supplementing Different Levels of Mustard Seed Cake on Milk Yield and Milk Composition of Achai Cattle

Muhammad Sohail1, Muhammad Nauman-ul-Islam1, Hayazuddin2*, Imtiaz Ali Shah1, Abdur Raziq1, Subhan Ullah3 and Arsalan Ali Shah1

1Livestock Research and Development Station, Surezai; 2Directorate of Livestock Research and Development, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, ; 3Department of Animal Health, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. 


This study was conducted at Livestock Research and Development Station (LR and DS) Peshawar. Objectives of the study were to evaluate different feeding levels of Mustard Seed Cake (MSC) on milk yield and milk composition of Achai cattle. A total 24 lactating Achai cows of first parity were selected and randomly divided into 3 groups viz. A, B and C on the basis of physiological and productive status (n= 08). Experimental animals were allocated to diet containing zero (control), 12 and 18 percent MSC. All the three rations were iso-caloric and iso-nitrogeniuos. Each cow was given a daily feed ration according to NARC standards. Milk yield of each experimental animals were recorded twice daily while its composition were checked through milk analyzer twice a week. Mean daily production of milk among three groups was significantly (p<0.05) different, however highest milk production (4.8±0.74 liter/day) was recorded for group B, followed by Control (3.6±0.51) and group C (2.4±0.71). Cows in group B produced higher (p<0.05) milk fat percent (5.83±0.107) while control and group C produced 4.98±0.78 and 4.51±0.81 (p>0.05) fat percent respectively. Feeding of different levels of MSC have no significant (p>0.05) effect on protein, SNF and Lactose contents of the milk. These results concluded that milk yield and milk fat were increased by supplementation of MSC in the dairy cattle ration. The proportion of MSC up to 12% in the ration has shown the best efficiency of production as compare to other rations. 


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Pakistan Journal of Zoology


Vol. 50, Iss. 1, Pages 1-400


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