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Effect of Different Temperatures on Colony Characteristics of Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

Effect of Different Temperatures on Colony Characteristics of Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

Muhammad Nasir1,*, Ata-ul-Mohsan2, Munir Ahmad2, Shafqat Saeed3, Muhammad Asif Aziz2, Muhammad Imran4 and Umer Ayyaz Aslam Sheikh4

1Department of Entomology, The University of Haripur, Haripur, KPK
2Department of Entomology, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi
3Department of Entomology, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Agriculture, Multan
4Department of Entomology, University of the Poonch Rawalakot, AJ&K

*      Corresponding author: nasir.uaar@gmail.com

 

Fig. 1.

Effect of different exposure temperatures on: survival and colony initiation rate of queens (A), pre-oviposition periods, production of egg cells and brood size in first batch (B), emergence timing of first worker, male and daughter queen (C), and total number of workers, males and progeny queens produced (D) for Bombus terrestris.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 51, Iss. 4, Pages 1203-1598

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