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Effect of Different Diapause Conditions on Bombus terrestris Colony Characteristics

Effect of Different Diapause Conditions on Bombus terrestris Colony Characteristics

Muhammad Nasir1,*, Ata-ul-Mohsan2, Shafqat Saeed3, Munir Ahmad2, Muhammad Asif Aziz2 andMunir Ahmad4

1Department of Entomology, The University of Haripur, Haripur, KPK
2Department of Entomology, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi
3Department of Entomology, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Agriculture, Multan
4Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi

*      Corresponding author: nasir.uaar@gmail.com

 

Fig. 1.

Effect of diapause temperature and duration on: survival and colony initiation rate of queens (A), pre-oviposition period, first brood egg cells number and size (B), first worker and male emergence in the colony (C), first queen emergence and switch and competition point timing (D), total workers and males produced (E), and total progeny queens produced and mother queen longevity (F) of Bombus terrestris under laboratory conditions.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 51, Iss. 4, Pages 1203-1598

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