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Effect of Dietary Selenium Yeast Supplementation on Morphology and Antioxidant Status in Testes of Young Goat

Effect of Dietary Selenium Yeast Supplementation on Morphology and Antioxidant Status in Testes of Young Goat

Iqra Bano1,*, Moolchand Malhi2, Pershotam Khatri3, Saeed Ahmed Soomro2, Hira Sajjad4, Ambreen Leghari5, Muhammad Awais2, Safia Kandhro6 and Shakeel Ahmed Lakho5 and Munaza Soomro7

1Department Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry, SBBUVAS, Sakrand, 67210 Pakistan
2Department Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry, Sindh Agricultural University, 70060 Tandojam, Pakistan
3Department Animal Reproduction, Sindh Agricultural University, 70060 Tandojam, Pakistan
4Key Laboratory of Agricultural Animal Genetics, Breeding, and Reproduction, Education Ministry of China, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, People’s Republic of China
5Department Veterinary Microbiology, SBBUVAS, Sakrand 67210, Pakistan
6Department of Veterinary Pharmacology, Baqai College of Veterinary Medicine, Karachi, Pakistan
7Department of Veterinary Pathology, Sindh Agricultural University, 70060 Tandojam, Pakistan

*      Corresponding author: iqrashafi05@yahoo.com

 

ABSTRACT

This experiment was done on twelve cross breed male goats of age (2-3 months) having 8-9 kg body weight. After 15 days of adaptation period, they were divided into two groups viz. control (C) and selenium yeast supplemented (SY) (n=6), respectively. Basal diet given to the animals consist of roughage and concentrate at the ratio of 65:35. In group C, the goats received only basal diet while in group SY the goats consumed basal diet along with SY 0.3 mg/kg.BW for 8 weeks. The results revealed that testicular weight, thickness, and circumference increased in SY as compared to C. The body weight of goats was also increased in SY as compared to C. while, the Gonado-somatic index in goats of SY was not different compared to C. The histomorphological studies revealed that the height of the germinal epithelium was significantly higher in SY as compared to C. Although the diameter of seminiferous tubule and thickness of the basal membrane were not significantly different in both groups. The serum glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity as well the testicular GPx activity was significantly increased in SY as compared to C. Furthermore, the serum T-SOD activity was significantly elevated in SY as compared to C. Moreover, the T-SOD activity in testicular tissues was also significantly increased in SY as compared to C. The results revealed that the SY supplementation has positive effects on gross morphological parameters of testis by increasing its weight, thickness, and circumference. Besides this, the SY also improved the height of germinal epithelium of Seminiferous tubule and improved antioxidant status by enhancing the activities of GPx and T-SOD in both serum and testicular tissues.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

April

Vol. 51, Iss. 2, Pages 399-799

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