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Effect of Balance Use of Fertilizers on Performance of Wheat Under Arid Climatic Condition

Malik Muhammad Yousaf1, Muhammad Mohsin Raza1*, Mumtaz Hussain1, Muhammad Jahangir Shah1, Bashir Ahmad1, Rao Wali Muhammad1, Sami Ullah2, Adeel Abbas3, Ijaz Ahmed4 and Muhammad Zeshan5

1Pakistan Agricultural Research Council Arid Zone Research Institute Bahawalpur 63100, Pakistan; 2Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning Chinese Academy Agriculture sciences Beijing100081, China; 3Institute of Environment and Ecology, School of Environment and Safety Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, PR China; 4Ecotoxicology Research Program National Agricultural Research Centre Islamabad 44000, Pakistan; 5National institute for Genomic and Advanced Biotechnology, National Agricultural Research Centre Islamabad 44000, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Muhammad Mohsin Raza, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council Arid Zone Research Institute Bahawalpur 63100, Pakistan; Email: mohsinraza_5@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Nutrients play a key role in crop productivity. A field trial was conducted to evaluate the addition of macro and micronutrients on wheat growth and productivity. The experiment comprised of 10 treatments. The results showed that compared with control, addition of nutrients significantly increased plant height and the highest plant height (86.5 cm) was observed at 86:58:62.5 kg NPK/ha treatment. Maximum tillers/plant (3.1), spikelet’s/plant (2.9), and spike length (8.9 cm) was found in 86-58-62.5-3 kg NPK + Zn/ha treatment. Furthermore, highest grains/spike (83.4), 1000 grain weight (4.3 g), and yield (6381 kg/ha) was found in 86-58-62.5-3 kg NPK + Br/ha treatment. Our results demonstrated that compared with sole addition of macronutrients, addition of both macro and micronutrients together practices that will make farmer wheat yield higher and more profitable.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 52, Iss. 6, Pages 2027-2426

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