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Economic Losses Due to Trypanosomiasis of Camels in Balochistan

Economic Losses Due to Trypanosomiasis of Camels in Balochistan

Ihsanullah Kakr1, Sarwar Khan2, Khalid Khan3* and Sajjad Ahmed

1Department of Cilinical Medicine and Surgery, Lasbela University of Agriculture Water and Marine Sciences (LUAWMS), Uthal Balochistan, Pakistan; 2Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan; 3Department of Economics, Lasbela University of Agriculture Water and Marine Sciences (LUAWMS), Uthal Balochistan, Pakistan.

khalidkk@luawms.edu.pk
 

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to evaluate the present status of Trypanosomiasis in Province Balochistan of Pakistan. The two districts Musa Khail and Jhal Magsi with thick populations of camels and have different climate and geographical distribution were selected. The questionnaire was developed for survey of Camel farmers and information regarding the age of respondent, experience, type of community, feeding/watering pattern of camels, prevailing camel diseases in the area, treatment facilities, traditional remedies used by them against various diseases in camels and economic losses were collected. A total of one thousand and forty (n=1040) camel owners/respondents from three groups viz settled, transhumants and nomads were interviewed in Districts, Musa Khail and Jhal Magsi during the year 2011. The direct as well as indirect economic losses due to camel Trypanosomiasis based on the prevalence of Trypanosomiasis, mortality rate, abortion and perceptions of the respondents were recorded. The camel dies due to Trypanosomiasis in direct visible losses and invisible losses include reduced fertility, meat loss, low quality of hide, loss of draught power and traction force and change in herd. While, indirect losses include additional costs of drugs, veterinarian fee, preventive medicine and quarantine. Moreover, the present study demonstrates that the respondents above the age of 50 years were more experienced in disease diagnosis and use of traditional veterinary practices. 

 

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Journal of Innovative Sciences

December

Vol. 6, Iss. 2, Pages 77-235

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