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Economic Evaluation of Advanced Production System Module in Saffron by using an Economic Surplus Model in India

Economic Evaluation of Advanced Production System Module in Saffron by using an Economic Surplus Model in India

Masudul Haq Wani and Arshad Bhat*

Rajiv Gandhi Chair in Contemporary Studies on Livelihood and Food Security, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, India.

 
*Correspondence | Arshad Bhat, Rajiv Gandhi Chair in Contemporary Studies on Livelihood and Food Security, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, India; Email: bhatarshad09@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

The cultivation of saffron started around three or four centuries back in Arabia and Spain, afterwards its cultivation spread to Iran, Sweden and India. In India, around 5,707 ha. of land are under its cultivation with annual production of around 16,000 kgs. The state of Jammu and Kashmir ranks at top of the list of saffron growing states in India, with district Pulwama at slot one. Out of the total 5,707 ha. of land under saffron cultivation in India, 3,785 ha. are exclusively in Jammu and Kashmir. The main aim of this study is to encourage farmers to adopt the new production system module developed by Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir for getting doubly benefited though production gains and employment avenues. Keeping in view the benefits and economic value of this legendary crop, the present study is undertaken in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, which enjoys virtual monopoly in the cultivation of saffron, producing around 99 percent of the total saffron production. Due to technological change, saffron production has witnessed a substantial increase during last decade. Keeping the production potential of production system module of saffron in consideration an ex-ante, ex-post and propensity score matching evaluation of the developed module was undertaken.
 

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Sarhad Journal of Agriculture

June

Vol. 38, Iss. 2, Pages 388-758

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