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Distribution, Diet Menu and Human Conflict of Grey Wolf Canis lupus in Mahoodand Valley, Swat District, Pakistan

Distribution, Diet Menu and Human Conflict of Grey Wolf Canis lupus in Mahoodand Valley, Swat District, Pakistan

Muhammad Raza Khan1, Tariq Mahmood1,*, Hira Fatima1, Faraz Akrim2, Shaista Andleeb1 and Abdul Hamid1

1Department of Wildlife Management, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi-46300, Pakistan
2Department of Zoology, University of Kotli, Azad Jammu and Kashmir

* Corresponding author: tariqjanjua75@uaar.edu.pk

0030-9923/2020/0179-0001 $ 9.00/0
Copyright 2020 Zoological Society of Pakistan

 

Fig. 1.

Map of study area (Mahoodand Valley, Swat) showing locations where scat samples of grey wolf were collected (modified from Google earth).

Fig. 2.

Field signs of grey wolf (Canis lupus) recorded at different sampling sites in the study area. A) Pug marks on snow tracks, B) Scats of grey wolf.

Fig. 3.

Maps (1 -7) of the trails that were walked for scat collection; from Matilatan to Mahoodand and Saifullah Jheel in Swat, showing sampling sites with maximum number of samples (I-Phone Mobile Maps 2017-2018).

Fig. 4.

Percent frequency (%F) and percent volume (%V) occurrence of recovered food items from analysis of scat samples of grey wolf (Canis lupus) from Mahoodand valley Swat. N = 37.

Fig. 5.

Seasonal pattern of livestock depredation by grey wolf (Canis lupus) in Swat area, Pakistan from August 2017 to July 2018.

Fig. 6.

Monthly pattern (August 2017 to July 2018) of Livestock depredation by grey wolf (Canis lupus) in Mahoodand valley, Swat, Pakistan.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 51, Iss. 6, Pages 1999-2399

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