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Differential Impact of Different Land-Use Types on the Population Density and Community Assemblages of Edaphic Macroinvertebrates in District Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan

Differential Impact of Different Land-Use Types on the Population Density and Community Assemblages of Edaphic Macroinvertebrates in District Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan

Muhammad Zeeshan Majeed1,2,*, Abu Bakar Muhammad Raza2, Muhammad Afzal2,Hafiz Salah-ud-Din2, Imtiaz Sarwar2, Muhammad Yahya2 and Khurram Shehzad3

1State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, PR China
2Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, 40100, Sargodha, Pakistan
3Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, 40100, Sargodha, Pakistan

*      Corresponding author: shani2000_uaf@yahoo.com; zeeshan.majeed@uos.edu.pk

 

Fig. 1.

Sampling protocol for the capture of edaphic macroinvertebrates from different sites.

Fig. 2.

Comparison of mean population abundance (±SE) of different edaphic macroinvertebrates captured from natural and cultivated land-use types. For each macrofaunal group, bars with asterisk (*) sign are significantly different from each other (unpaired Student’s t-test at α = 0.05).

Fig. 3.

Comparison of mean population abundance (±SE) of different edaphic macroinvertebrates captured from various land-use types during summer and winter seasons. For each macrofaunal group, bars with asterisk (*) sign are significantly different from each other (unpaired Student’s t-test at α = 0.05).

Fig. 4.

Comparison of mean population abundance (±SE) of different edaphic macroinvertebrates captured from various land-use types using pitfall traps and monolith method. For each macrofaunal group, bars with asterisk (*) sign are significantly different from each other (unpaired Student’s t-test at α = 0.05).

Fig. 5.

Pie charts showing community assemblages of edaphic macroinvertebrate groups captured from soils of different land-use types during winter 2015 and summer 2016. For each land-use type, values represent mean percent proportion of each macrofaunal group and “N” represents total number of macrofaunal individuals encountered.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

June

Vol. 50, Iss. 3, Pages 799-1198

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