Submit or Track your Manuscript LOG-IN

Dietary Formic Acid and Vitamin D3 as Growth Effective Supplement for Grass Carp Fingerlings

Dietary Formic Acid and Vitamin D3 as Growth Effective Supplement for Grass Carp Fingerlings

Laiba Shafique1,*, Muhammad Afzal2, Syed Zakir Hussain Shah3, Mahroze Fatima4, Huma Naz5, Saif ur Rehman1, Youchuan Wei1 and Qingyou Liu1,*

1State Key Laboratory of Tropical Biological Resources Protection and Utilization, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530004, China
2Department of Zoology, Wildlife and Fisheries, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
3Department of Zoology, University of Gujrat, Gujrat, Pakistan
4Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
5Dep Bahawalpur, Pakistan

*      Corresponding authors: laibazoologist@gmail.com; qyliu-gene@qq.com

 

ABSTRACT

The present research was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of dietary formic acid and vitamin D3 on growth performance and muscle proximate analyses of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Four experimental diets viz. FD1, FD2, FD3 and FD4 having formic acid (%) and vitamin D3 (IU/Kg) 0, 0; 2, 0; 0, 5000 and 2, 5000, respectively were prepared. Fish were fed with experimental diets for 90 days. Growth performance of fish was observed on fortnightly basis throughout the trail. At the end of feeding trail, fish were dissected to obtain the samples of muscles for further analysis. Two-way analysis of variance under RCBD were applied on obtained data. Results demonstrated that growth performance (weight gain, specific growth rate and absolute weight gain) of C. idella fingerlings showed significant improvement by feeding formic acid and vitamin D3. Result showed that C. idella fed with vitamin D3 increased the crude protein, ash and decreased the fat contents in muscles while same result was observed by supplementation of formic acid. In conclusion, dietary formic acid and vitamin D3 improves the growth performance and muscle proximate analysis for the C. idella fingerlings.
 

To share on other social networks, click on P-share. What are these?

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 51, Iss. 6, Pages 1999-2399

Featuring

Click here for more

Subscribe Today

Receive free updates on new articles, opportunities and benefits


Subscribe Unsubscribe