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Development of Pollen Substitute Diets for Apis mellifera ligustica Colonies and their Impact on Brood Development and Honey Production

Development of Pollen Substitute Diets for Apis mellifera ligustica Colonies and their Impact on Brood Development and Honey Production

Noor Islam1*, Rashid Mahmood1, Ghulam Sarwar1, Sarfaraz Ahmad2 and Saleem Abid

1Honeybee Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC), Islamabad, Pakistan; 2Natural Resources Division, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan; 3Social Sciences Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan.

khattakni@gmail.com  

Figure 1

Pollen substitute diet consumption (g/colony). 

Figure 2

Impact of pollen substitute diets on worker brood area (cm2/colony). 

Figure 3

Mean number of frames covered with bees per colony. 

Figure 4

Mean honey yield in kg per colony. 

Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research

June

Vol. 33, Iss. 2, Pages 192-421

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