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Determination of Maternal Rabies Virus Neutralizing Antibody in Young Puppies

Determination of Maternal Rabies Virus Neutralizing Antibody in Young Puppies

Uzma Farid Durrani1,*,Sagar Mal Goyal2, Asim Khalid Mahmood1,Cathleen Hanlon3, Susan Moore3, Muhammad Waqas1 and Raheela Akhtar4

1Pet Centre, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
2Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN, USA
3Rabies Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA
4Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

*       Corresponding author: ufdurrani@uvas.edu.pk

ABSTRACT

A pre-vaccination serological study was conducted on 100 puppies (< 3 months age), in rabies endemic Lahore city of Pakistan, to evaluate their maternal rabies virus neutralizing antibody titer (mRVNA). All puppies were whelped by dams regularly vaccinated with high quality inactivated rabies vaccines. Rapid Fluorescence Focus Inhibition Technique (RFFIT) revealed mRVNA titer (>0.5 IU/mL) in 29 puppies while 48 puppies showed mRVNA titer less than minimum protective level (0.2-0.4 IU/mL). RFFIT did not reveal mRVNA in 23 puppies that were declared lacking maternal rabies immunity. One basis of findings of this study it was concluded that puppies population lacking maternal rabies immunity is one of the responsible factors for increasing incidence of rabies in humans and dogs living in Lahore, Pakistan.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 51, Iss. 6, Pages 1999-2399

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