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Cryptosporidium: An Emerging Zoonosis in Southern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan

Cryptosporidium: An Emerging Zoonosis in Southern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan

Naimat Ullah Khan1,2, Muhammad Hassan Saleem1, Aneela Zameer Durrani1Nisar Ahmad3, Ayesha Hassan1, Sultan Ayaz2, Sajid Umar4, Muhammad Luqman Sohail5,*, Muhammad Shafee6, Ikramullah Khan7, Mumtaz Ali Khan1, Azmat Ullah Khan8Naimat Ullah Malik1 and Abdul Razzaq9

1Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
2College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Pakistan
3Department of Parasitology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
4Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Pir Meher Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
5University College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahwalpur, Pakistan
6Centre for Advanced Studies in Vaccinology and Biotechnology, University of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan
7Department of Livestock Management, Animal Breeding and Genetics, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan
8Department of Livestock and Dairy Development, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan
9Department of Veterinary Anatomy and Histology, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan

*      Corresponding author: vet.luqman@gmail.com  

ABSTRACT

Zoonotic Cryptosporidium is chief cause of diarrhea in both developing and developed countries, causing millions of deaths each year. This study was designed to estimate the zoonotic potential of Cryptosporidium in three districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), i.e. Bannu, Lakki Marwat and Kohat. For this purpose 360 stool samples were collected from the District Headquarter Hospitals of all the three districts and were screened through microscopy. Results yielded an overall prevalence of 11.11%, with significant difference (P<0.05) among different study areas. Prevalence was highest in district Bannu (11.66%), followed by district Lakki Marwat and Kohat with 10% in each district. Statistical analysis revealed significant difference (P<0.05) among children of different age groups with highest disease prevalence in children of less than 5 years of age (21.40%) and lowest in children of 11-15 years of age (15.99%). Cryptosporidium was significantly higher (P<0.05) in study subjects having livestock animal contact and persistent diarrhea, highlighting its zoonotic potential from livestock animals to human beings in the study area. This is first study addressing the one of the main cause of neonatal mortality in Southern KPK and its zoonotic potential.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 51, Iss. 6, Pages 1999-2399

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