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Comparative Analysis of Bt and Non-Bt Cotton Farmers Technical Efficiency of Core Cotton Zone in Punjab Pakistan

Comparative Analysis of Bt and Non-Bt Cotton Farmers Technical Efficiency of Core Cotton Zone in Punjab Pakistan

Dilshad Ahmad1* and Muhammad Afzal2

1Faculty Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Vehari Campus, Pakistan; ²Faculty Department of Economics, Preston University- Islamabad, Pakistan.  


In agrarian economies, agriculture considers a major source of population feeding, employing and coactive partner of industrial growth. The purpose of the study was to analyze technical efficiency of Bt and Non-Bt cotton farmers in two core cotton districts Muzaffargarh and Rahim Yar Khan of Punjab, Pakistan. In this study, the stochastic frontier approach was employed for empirical analysis and multiple stages random sampling technique used for data collection of 400 Bt and Non-Bt cotton farmers for the year of 2012-13. The results of the study have indicated Bt cotton farmers of both districts with higher technical efficiency score as more efficient than Non-Bt cotton farmer. Empirical findings specified a cropped area, seed, labor, fertilizer and irrigation were the significant variable of increasing cotton production of Bt farmers while pesticides, irrigation and extension services more significant in increasing the Non-Bt cotton farmers production. Age of farmers, educational status, credit access and agriculture extension services access have significantly and positively impacted while the shortage of irrigation negatively impacts in both districts Non-Bt and Bt cotton farmers technical efficiency. There is need of proper policy measure for overcome market imperfections regarding prices of cotton output and inputs and provision of adequate formal credit to use advance mechanization to increase cultivated area and rising productivity of the cotton crop. Application of adequate advanced technology and familiarity of expertise in farming practices can overcome inefficiencies in both districts with cultivating varieties of Bt and Non-Bt cottonseed. 


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Sarhad Journal of Agriculture


Vol. 36, Iss. 2, Pages 374-733


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