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Brucellosis is Significantly Associated with Reproductive Disorders in Dairy Cattle of Punjab, Pakistan

Brucellosis is Significantly Associated with Reproductive Disorders in Dairy Cattle of Punjab, Pakistan

Qudrat Ullah1,8,*, Huma Jamil1, Laeeq Akbar Lodhi1, Zafar Iqbal Qureshi1, Shakeeb Ullah1, Tariq Jamil2, Iahtasham Khan3, Shahbaz Bashir4, Qudratullah5, Inamullah Wazir6M. Abdus Sallam1 and Muhammad Zubair7

1Department of Theriogenology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
2Institute of Bacterial Infections and Zoonoses, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Jena 07743, Germany
3Section of Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Jhang 12-Km Chiniot Road 35200, Jhang, Pakistan
4Laboratory for Host Pathogen Interactions in Livestock, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven 3000, Belgium
5Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
6Institute of Microbiology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
7Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Poonch, Rawalakot, Azad Kashmir
8Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan

*     Corresponding author: qudratmahsud@gmail.com

 

 

ABSTRACT

Brucellosis is worldwide zoonotic infection. A total of 384 serum samples were collected from cross bred dairy cattle at three different private farms located in Gujranwala, Pakistan. The samples were analysed by Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) and by indirect-Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (iELISA). The overall seroprevalence was found to be 28.90 and 27.86% by RBPT and iELISA, respectively. Previous history of animal reproductive disorders was found to be significantly associated (P=0.0056) with seropositivity of the infection. Age, sex, parity, lactation and pregnancy status of the animal were not found significantly associated. Routine herd screening, consumtion of pasteurized milk and public awareness programmes would be helpful for control and prevention of zoonotic transmission.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 51, Iss. 6, Pages 1999-2399

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