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Benefits of Incorporating Atipamezole in Medetomidine-ketamine Anaesthesia in Pigeons

Benefits of Incorporating Atipamezole in Medetomidine-ketamine Anaesthesia in Pigeons

Atta Muhammad Memon1, Ubedullah Kaka2*, Muhammad Umer3, Asghar Ali Kamboh4, Atique Ahmed Behan5, Habibullah Janyaro6, Yong Meng Goh7, Amir Bukhsh Kalhoro6Jalila Abu8, Khaleeq ur Rehman Bhutto9 and Arsalan Maqbool10


1Livestock and Fishries Department, Government of Sindh, Hyderabad, Pakistan
2Department of Companion Animal Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia 
3Department of Animal Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lasbela University of Agriculture Water and Marine Sciences, Uthal, Pakistan
4Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan
5Department of Livestock Management, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan
6Department of Veterinary Surgery and Obstetrics, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan
7Department of Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
8Department of Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
9Directorate of Veterinary Research and Diagnostics, Government of Sindh, Tandojam
10Directorate of Animal Health, Livestock and Dairy Development Department, Balochistan, Pakistan
 
Atta Muhammad Memon and Ubedullah Kaka contributed equally to this work.

*      Corresponding author: dr_ubedkaka@upm.edu.my; dr_ubedkaka@hotmail.com

Fig. 1.

Pulse rate (Mean ± SE) following MK and MKA treatment in a crossover design using 12 pigeons.
* denotes significant difference from baseline, # denotes significant treatment difference at corresponding time points. ^ denotes significant difference from pre-induction values at 5 min, and P < 0.05. MK, medetomidine ketamine; MKA, medetomidine ketamine and atipamezole; Green arrow indicates time of administration of atipamezole; red arrow indicates time of induction with ketamine.

Fig. 2.

Respiratory rate (Mean ± SE) following MK and MKA treatment in a crossover design using 12 pigeons. For other details see Figure 1.

Fig. 3.

Cloacal temperature (Mean±SE) following MK and MKA treatment in a crossover design using 12 pigeons. For other details see Figure 1.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

October

Vol. 53, Iss. 5, Pages 1603-2000

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