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Pakistan J. Zool., Vol. 50, Iss. 1, pp 175-181

Pakistan J. Zool., Vol. 50, Iss. 1, pp 175-181

Muhammad Saqlain1, Humaira Kalsoom1, Muhammad Fiaz1,2, Abid Mahmood1, Rizwan Aziz Qazi4 ,Waseem Safdar5, Pakeeza Arzoo Shaiq1,Bernard M.Y. Cheung3 and Ghazala Kaukab Raja1,*

1Department of Biochemistry, PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
2Department of Pathology, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Islamabad, Pakistan
3Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong
4Department of Medicine, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Islamabad, Pakistan
5State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China

*      Corresponding author:


The FABP2 gene variant Ala54Thr has been proposed as an important risk marker for insulin resistance, obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome (MetS). In this study the association of Ala54Thr polymorphism with MetS and its risk components was studied in a local Pakistani population. MetS subjects and controls were recruited from out-patient departments of Pakistani hospitals. Ala54Thr genotyping of 200 MetS patients and 200 healthy controls was performed using a PCR-RFLP. Genotype and allele frequencies were calculated and computed for genetic associations presented as odds ratios (ORs) with a threshold of p≤0.05 to determine statistical significance. The frequency of 54Thr allele of FABP2 significantly associated with MetS risk in Pakistani population. Our results showed that frequency of the FABP2 54Thr allele was significantly higher (67%) in MetS cases as compared to controls (35%)(p<0.0001). The 54Thr allele carriers were at increased risk of MetS (OR=3.93, CI=2.09-7.39, p<0.0001) and obesity (for each SD change in BMI, OR=2.00, CI=1.73-2.32, p<.0001). Our genetic study in a population at risk of MetS highlights the strong association of FABP2 54Thr allele with disease and provides further evidence for the involvement of intestinal fatty acid binding protein in the pathogenesis of MetS.

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology


Vol. 55, Iss. 1, Pages 1-500


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